Article

Amelia Earhart was the first woman who flew across the Atlantic Ocean. She disappeared while she was trying to fly around the world in 1937.
Amelia Earhart was born on July 24th , 1897, to parents Samuel "Edwin" and Stanton Earhart , and Amelia "Amy" Otis Earhart. She grew up in Atchison, Kansas, where she was born. When she was a little girl, she loved to play with her younger sister, Muriel. They used to play and climb trees, and sled skating. When Amelia was 10 years old, she saw a plane for the first time, but she was not at all impressed, in her words: "it was a thing of rusty wire and wood, and looked not at all interesting".
In 1914 Amelia and her sister moved to Chicago, with their mother.
In 1915, after graduating high school, Amelia attended 'Ogontz' – a girl's seminar, in Philadelphia.
But after a year, she left in the middle of the year, to work as a nurse's aide in a military hospital in Canada, during WWI (World War 1).
In the same year, Amelia attended college, and later became a social worker.
On January 3rd , 1921, Amelia took her first flying lesson, after she saw exhibition showcase flights in long beach, California, with her father.
After six months of saving money, she bought her first plane – a second hand, Kinner Airster, that was a two seater biplane painted bright yellow, that she named "Canary", and used it to set her first woman's record, by rising to an altitude of - 14,000 feet.
In April, 1928, a phone call came for Amelia at work, but she said: "I'm too busy to answer just now". After she heard that it was important, she answered, and the man on the other side, asked: "How would you like to be the first woman to fly the Atlantic?" At first, she thought it was a prank, but it wasn't until the caller supplied excellent references that she realized the man was serious, then, she promptly replied "Yes!" . After an interview in New York with the project coordinators, she was asked to join pilot Wilmer "Bill" Stults, and the co-pilot and mechanic- Louis E."Slim" Gordon. The team left Trepassey harbor, Newfoundland. Approximately 21 hours later, they arrived at Burry port, Wales. This landmark flights made headline worldwide, because
within the year, three women had died trying to be the first woman to fly the Atlantic.
When Amelia and her crew returned to USA, they were greeted with a ticker tape parade in New York, and a reception held by President Calvin Coolidge at the White House.
From then on, Amelia's life revolved around flying. She was placed third at the Cleveland Women's Air Derby, and later was nicknamed the "Powder Putt Derby" by Will Rogers. As fate would have it, her life also began to include George Putnam. They met during the preparations for the Atlantic crossing, and got married on February 7th , 1931. Determined to retainher independence, she referred to the marriage as a "partnership" with "dual control".
Amelia and George started working together on secret plans for Amelia to become the first woman and the second person to cross the Atlantic alone. On may 20th , 1932, Amelia took off from Harbor Grace, Newfoundland, to Paris, but strong north winds, ice conditions, and mechanical problems plagued the flight and forced her to land in a pasture hear Londonderry, Ireland.
"After scaring most of the cows in the neighborhood, I pulled up in a farmer's back yard" she said. As word of her flight spread, the media surrounded her; both overseas and in the U.S. President Herbert Hoover presented Amelia with a gold medal from the national Geographic society. Congress awarded her the Distinguished Flying Cross- the first ever given to a woman.
At the Ceremony, Vice President Charles Curtis praised her courage, saying she displayed "Heroic courage and skill as a navigator at the risk of her life".
Amelia felt the flight proved that men and women were equal in "jobs requiring intelligence, coordination, speed, coolness and willpower".
During the following years, Amelia continued to break records. She set an altitude record, of 18,415 feet that stood for years. On January 11th ,1935, she became the first person to fly alone across the Pacific from Honolulu to Oakland, California. Chilled during the 2,408 mile flight, she unpacked a thermos of hot chocolate. "Indeed, that was the most interesting cup of chocolate I have ever had, sitting up eight thousand feet over the middle of
the Pacific Ocean, quite alone". She said.
In the city of Newark, a large crowd "overflowed the field", and rushed towards Amelia's plane. "I was rescued from my plane by husky policemen". She said.
"One of whom in the ensuing melee took possession of my right arm and another of my left leg". The officers headed for a police car, but chose different routes. "The arm-holder started to go one way, while he who clasped my leg set out in the opposite direction. The result provided the victim with a fleeting taste of the tortures of the rack. However , at that, it was fine to be home again" she ended good-naturedly.
In 1937, when Amelia neared her 40th birthday, she felt ready for an enormous, and final, challenge: she wanted to be the first woman to fly around the world. Despite a botched attempt in March that severely damaged her plane, Amelia was determined, and had the twin engine Lockheed Electra rebuilt. "I have a feeling that there is just about one more good flight left in my system, and I hope this trip is it". She said.






Id card

Full Name: Amelia Earhart
Parents’ Names: Samuel "Edwin" Stanton Earhart and Amelia "Amy" Otis Earhart
Year of Birth: July 24th , 1897
Place of Birth:AtchisonKansas,
Profession: American Pilot
What she is famous for: She was an American heroin because she disappeared mysteriously, but she captured all women's imagination to follow their dreams.

Interview

  1. Good morning Ms. Earhart, Thank you for meeting me today. Please tell me about your childhood.
I was born in Atchison, on Kansas, in 1897, to my parents Amelia "Amy", and Samuel "Edwin", who was a lawyer. When I was a little girl, I loved to play with my little sister, Muriel. We used to play and climb trees, and sled skating. In 1914 my mother took my sister and me to Chicago. A year after- I finished high school, and went to Canada to be with my sister.
  1. Can you tell me about the first time you saw a plane?
When I was ten years old, I saw a plane for the first time at the state fair, and I wasn't impressed, "it was a thing of rusty wire and wood and looked not at all interesting".
  1. So when did you start to become interested in planes and flying?
It was when I attended a stunt – flying exhibition, almost 10 years later. I felt a mixture of fear and pleasure. On December 28th, 1920, the pilot Frank Hawks gave me a ride that I would never forget, it changed my life forever. "By the time I had got two or three hundred feet off the ground, I knew I had to fly".
  1. Maybe you want to tell me how you started to be a pilot?
I think I became a pilot after my first flying lesson, on January 3rd , 1921. It was a lesson I would never forget. Six months later, I bought my first plane. It was a beautiful plane, second-hand Kinner Airster, with a two seater biplane, painted bright yellow. I called it "canary" and used it to set my first woman's record.
  1. Why did you decide to fly alone around the world? Did you think that you needed to prove something as a woman?
"I have a feeling that there is just about one more good flight left in my system, and I hope this trip is it". I don't know if I want to prove anything, I just wanted to be the first woman to fly around the world. I'm sure that more women will do that after me.
  1. Did you always want to prove that women can do anything?
I think it comes from my home, and especially from my mother, who didn't believe in "molding" my sister and me into "nice little girls" .I also sometimes defied conventional feminine behavior. I liked to climb trees, "belly-slamming" to start sliding downhill and I hunted rats with a .22 rifle. I also kept a scrapbook of newspaper clippings about successful women in very male-oriented fields, like film direction and production, law, advertising, management, and mechanical engineering.
  1. How did people respond to your flights?
People who knew me were very supportive, and I became a kind of role model amongst young American women.
  1. Can I ask you a personal question? Is there a man who is important in your life?
Yes, as we were working together I met George Putnam. We developed a friendship while working on the Atlantic crossing and we got married on February 7th, 1931. I wanted to keep my independence; I felt the marriage should be open. I saw it as a "partnership" with "two controls."
  1. What are your plans for the future?
I hope to be the first woman to fly solo around the whole world, proving that it can be done, that it is only dependent on what I want. I hope to be leaving soon, and when I come back I can celebrate the accomplishment.
10. What would you do today, if you weren’t a pilot?
I would choose a job where I could prove that I could do whatever I dreamt of doing.
11. What is your message for future Americans?
I want the young women to understand that they no longer have to be nurses, teachers or seamstresses. They can be whatever they dream to be. The sky is the limit.

Speech

Ladies and Gentlemen,
We are gathered here today to commemorate one of the greatest women of all times.
We've lost the most wonderful woman. She was a pilot, she was a pioneer, and she was amazing. This was a woman who dared to do something no one else thought of. She dared to dream of flying when no one thought she could .She was sending a message.
Unfortunately, she is not here to tell us what happened. Did she fly off to an unknown island? Did she lose contact with the awaiting ship, near the island where she was supposed to land? Did she lose fuel? What made her disappear? Where is she? Where are the remains of the plane? Right now we have no answers and we may never know the whole story...
Amelia, to us you are one of kind. You were a woman, you were a dreamer, and you paved the way for others. Now you are closer to the stars you felt so close to. In a way, you have learned to fly. You have taught us all to dream, to follow our dreams and to not be afraid of what others think or feel about it.
You have followed your dreams, we, will try to follow in your way.


Rationale


When we were asked to write a project about a woman who "made a difference" we decided to choose Amelia Earhart. We had seen a movie describing Amelia's life and dreams. This movie inspired us and triggered our curiosity about this "legend".
Her unlimited ambition regarding women's abilities lured us to learn more about Amelia.



Refelction

Margalit: At first I had my doubts about writing a project in English. I didn’t think that I would succeed. However, as I proceeded I realized that with hard work and help from my teacher and peers I am capable of writing a project in English. I improved my English vocabulary. Moreover, I upgraded my writing skills.

I know I have difficulty meeting deadlines and I learned that I must take on my responsibility.

Needless to say I am much more educated about the admirable woman Amelia Earhart. She will always be on inspiration to me.


**Mevasseret**:During the project I got to know more about Amelia Earhart, and I have learned that if I want something, everything, I can do it. I have learned that I just need to believe in myself, to believe that I can, and if I'll believe I could do everything I aspire to.

Amelia Earhart had taught me that it doesn't matter what other people will think or say, I need to go with my heart, because if I love something my heart is the only one who knows what best for me.





Bibliography




*האתר הרשמי של אמיליה ארהרט-"the Official Website of Amelia Earhart" : <http://www.ameliaearhart.com>
*ויקיפדיה (באנגלית) : "Amelia Earhart"
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelia_Earhart>
*אתר מידע על אמיליה ארהרט-acepilot.com"" :
<http://acepilots.com/earhart.html>
*מורל, וירג'יניה. "מסעות ותגליות", נשיונל גיאוגרפיק ישראל, 16, 1999,עמודים לא ממוספרים בתחילת החוברת.
רת.