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Biography


Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel, who known as Coco Chanel, born in 19 August 1883, in France, to parents named Albert Chanel and Jeanne Devolle.
Coco Chanel was a famous fashion designer, who changed and renewed many things in the fashion world. She grew up with two illiterate parents and five brothers.
When she was twelve years old, her mother died of tuberculosis. Her father sent her two brothers out as farm laborers and the three daughters including her, to Corrèze, into the hands of a convent for orphans.
Having she learned the sewing arts during her six years at Aubazine, she was able to find employment as a seamstress. When not paying her trade with a needle, she sang in a cabaret frequented by cavalry officers. There she acquired the name “Coco,” a name that derived from a popular song she sang.
In 1913 she opened two additional stores, and began to design and sell clothes.She began to gain popularity, especially among high society.After that, she opened the brand's main studio in Paris, and in 1922 she took perfume named Chanel No. 5.
In 1939, at the beginning of World War II she got into financial difficulty, but she managed to deal with it, and continue to foster its business.
Chanel died in 1971, in age 87.
She thought all the frills, fuss, and constraints endured by earlier generations of women are now passé. She redefined the fashionable woman for the post WW I era. Her trademark is a look of youthful ease, a liberated physicality, and unencumbered sportive confidence.
Although she had a messy life, she was adhered in her job.
"My life didn't please me, so I created my life" (Coco Chanel)
She did a big revolution in the fashion world, and I think that we can't imagine are world without her.
"I don't do fashion, I AM fashion." (Coco Chanel


ID card


Full Name: Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel_2.jpg
Nick Name: Coco Chanel
Parent's Name: Albert Chanel and Jeanne Devolle
Date of Birth: 19 August 1883
Place of Birth: Saumur
Date of Death: 10 January 1971(1971-01-10)
Country: France
Profession: fashion designer
What she was famous for:
She was a pioneering French fashion designer whose modernist thought, menswear-inspired fashions, and pursuit of expensive simplicity made her an important figure in 20th-century fashion. She was the founder of one of the most famous fashion brands, Chanel. Her extraordinary influence on fashion was such that she was the only person in the couturier field to be named on Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century.




Interview


1. How was your childhood?
I grew upwithtwoilliterateparentsandfive brothers.
When I was twelve years old, my mother died of tuberculosis. My father sent my two brothers out as farm laborers and the three daughters including me, to Corrèze, into the hands of a convent for orphans.
2. How did you start your career?
Having I learned the sewing arts during my six years at Aubazine, I was able to find employment as a seamstress. When it did not pay my trade with a needle, I sang in a cabaret frequented by cavalry officers.
At Mullins I met a young, French, ex-cavalry officer, and wealthy textile heir Etienne Balsan. At age twenty-three, I became Balsan’s mistress and for three years I lived with him in his chateau.
In this time I began designing hats, initially as a diversion that evolved into a commercial enterprise.
3. How did you become known?
In 1913 I opened two additional stores, and began to design and sell clothing.
I began to gain popularity, especially among high society.
I opened the brand's main studio in Paris, and in 1922 I took perfume named Chanel No. 5. It was the first time that a fashion designer issued a perfume. This perfume was special because it wasn't based on the odor of one flower, as was common then, but was based on a mixture of odors of 50 different flowers!
4. Why did you encounter difficulties in the business? And how did you overcome them?
In 1939, at the beginning of World War II, I closed my shops.
After the war, in 1944 I moved to Switzerland.
In 1954 I returned to France and to the fashion industry, which had changed in these ten years. To win back popularity of the brand, I went out from the European market, and entered the U.S. market. In the United States I won great popularity even among Hollywood's people.
5. How did you get your nickname, 'Coco'?
When I started to sing in a cabaret, I acquired the name “Coco,” a name that derived from a popular song I sang. It also an allusion to the French word for kept woman: cocotte.
6. What characterizes your style?
I think all the frills, fuss, and constraints endured by earlier generations of women are now passé. I redefined the fashionable woman for the post WW I era. My trademark is a look of youthful ease, a liberated physicality, and unencumbered sportive confidence.
7. Did you start the “sunbathing” fashion?
That is true that I made the “sunbathing” fashionable. I just like so much to be outdoor, in the sea this is what makes tanned. I think this is a symbol for a good life and having fun!
8. What do you think about the "Little Black Dress"?
I love this dress very much, because it is very beautiful and a "modern" dress. I think it was as a fashion-forward look. It also can go with all the accessories.
9. What inspired the kind of jewelries that you design?
The original inspiration was by the opulent, costly jewels and pearls that a get as gifts.
I turned costume jewelry into a coveted accessory.
The fashionable and wealthy women loved the creations and made it wildly successful.
10. Do you see yourself as creating a revolution in the fashion world?
I definitely think that I changed a lot of trends in the fashion world. I don’t know if that is a revolution. It depends on the effect of my cloths for the next years; if this entire style will disappear or if this style and cloths will stay fashionable and popular.



Speech


A made-up speech of George Kaczender, the director of the firs film about Chanel- "Chanel Solitaire", in the film's firs screening (1981):
Good evening everyone, I am very happy and excited to see you all.
Ten years ago we parted from a very important and significant woman, named Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel, who is also known as Coco Chanel.
This woman lead a revolution in the fashion world in the 20th century. She was a modernist designer with passion to fashion. We can't imagine our world without her.
The film is dramatic, and describes Coco Chanel's life.
I feel that this is a great honor for me to make a movie about her life. I hope it will make people understand the complicated life she had and how much she was adhered in her job – what makes her a respectable fashion designer up until today.
I think this movie is very touching and exciting and makes you connect to Chanel's personality.
I wish you all a pleasant view, and hope you will enjoy it.

Thank you.



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Rationale


I decided to do my project on Coco Chanel because I think that she contributed a lot to our


world, although the hard life she had.


In addition, she is very famous in the fashion world, which I like and feel connected to. She changed the norms that were accepted in those times, and the way people dressed. These are the main reasons I wanted to learn more about her; the kind of life she had and the ways she progressed in her career.



Reflection


From all the work I have done I learn many things.

First, I learned what a difficult life Chanel had.


Secondly, I learned how she changed a lot at the fashion world and gave it things that are popular until today.
I fill that doing this project improve my English language skills and my writing skills and took them to the next level.

I had some problems with the time because I started my project later than the all class, but the instruction was clear and I had a big support from my English teacher, so I succeeded doing my project good and fast relatively.

I came across just a bit of difficulty in writing the interview.

In conclusion, I enjoyed working on this project because I learned a lot about something that interested my and connected to my world.





Bibliography


"Coco Chanel: Genius of Fashion Design, Independenceand Self-Realization." Women's Perfume Reviews. n. page. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. <http://www.precious-womens-perfumes.com/coco-chanel-quotes.html>.


"Coco Canel." 2012. Web. 26 Mar 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coco_Chanel>.




"CocoChanel." Women's History. n. page. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. <http://womenshistory.about.com/od/chanelcoco/a/coco_chanel.htm>.




"Gabrielle Chanel." Designers. Web. 26 Mar. 2012. http://www.fashionmodeldirectory.com/designers/gabrielle-chanel/.